Unified Cycle Theory: Integration Toward a Cause

Here is the abstract of the paper I am presenting on Wednesday with Steve Puetz at the 2010 Natural Philosophy Alliance conference at Long Beach, CA:

Unified Cycle Theory: Integration Toward a Cause

Glenn Borchardt and Stephen J. Puetz

Previous work supplied the data and statistical support for the Unified Cycle Theory, which showed the connection between various recurring earthly as well as cosmic phenomena. A theoretically infinite sequence of cycles (EUWS) occurs throughout the universe, connected by a single factor of three. The period of each larger cycle, whether it be a geological epoch or climatic fluctuation, is three times the next smallest cycle. Statistical analysis showed that the identified cycles are neither subjective nor random. The universal range of these cycles begs a universal cause. With naturally occurring oscillations tied to the EUWS cycles serving as key evidence, we present a new Theory of Infinitely Oscillating Density and Magnetism. We hypothesize that these fluctuations conform to Borchardt's Ten Assumptions of Science. In terms of univironmental determinism, all microcosms within the universe constantly oscillate in both density and magnetism. These microcosms are bathed in a sea of supermicrocosms capable of transmitting different motions dependent on the EUWS fluctuations. The Theory of Infinitely Oscillating Density and Magnetism integrates concepts from both standard and alternative theories. This integrated theory helps to explain numerous mysteries that have long puzzled physicists, astronomers, geologists, climatologists, economists, and sociologists.

The complete paper is at:

Since joining PSI, Steve has written two introductory papers, which he also will present at NPA on Wednesday:

The Unified Cycle Theory: Introduction & Data

This paper introduces a sequence of cycles found in nature. Dubbed the Extra-Universal Wave Series (EUWS), these cycles may originate from outside of our observable universe. Collectively, the cycles were first discovered in 2008 and published in The Unified Cycle Theory in 2009. However, many of these cycles were already discovered on an individual basis prior to 2008. Examples include the ~ 516-yr climate cycle determined from ocean sediments, the ~ 1547-yr Dansgaard-Oeschger climate cycle, the ~ 4640-yr Bond climate cycle, the ~ 125-kyr climate cycle, the ~ 30-myr extinction cycle, and Earth's ~ 822-myr cycle in crustal formation. The Unified Cycle Theory provided a breakthrough by linking these cycles as part of an infinite harmonic sequence. Unlikely as it may seem, individual wavelengths in this sequence are precisely separated from adjacent cycles by a factor of three. Linkage implies these cycles share a common source. Whether the EUWS cycle is as short as 9.57 days or as long as 22.2 billion years, the source of these fluctuations must be the same. Heretofore, geologists have concentrated on processes internal to Earth's ecosystem to explain volcanic episodes, when, in fact, oscillations in star formation rates suggest these cycles were already shaping our universe prior to Earth's existence. A single equation describes the EUWS oscillations. This paper presents the equation, provides graphics of theoretical oscillations, and demonstrates the occurrences of these cycles in nature. The presence of EUWS cycles can be detected in a wide variety of ways including star formation oscillations, episodes of volcanism, global climate fluctuations, evolution of new gene families, mass extinction cycles, spots in the Sun and stars, civilization cycles, and financial panic cycles.

The complete paper is at:
The Unified Cycle Theory: Statistical Validation

Since publication of The Unified Cycle Theory in 2009, only one major criticism has surfaced. Some reviewers claim that random processes in the universe occur often enough to give the appearance of periodicity, producing the oscillations described in the theory. This paper statistically tests the null hypothesis that random fluctuations caused the Extra-Universal Wave Series (EUWS) cycles. To test this null hypothesis of randomness, several statistical methods were used to objectively assess the observations. The tests include the following methods: Lomb-Scargle periodograms that determine the power of frequencies detected in each time-series; smoothed periodograms that estimate wavelengths when multiple frequencies cluster together in the spectrum; smoothed periodograms that determine confidence levels associated with a frequency; and Monte Carlo simulations that show how often random numbers produce correlations equivalent to those detected between the cycles from nature and EUWS models. These tests were performed on 31 different time-series. The data included histories of star formation rates, asteroid impacts, volcanic activity, evolution (appearance of new gene families), global climate oscillations, spot activity on stars and the Sun, geomagnetic activity, the rise and fall of major civilizations, commodity prices, and stock market prices. This paper also discusses issues related to the testing process. The major issues include the reliability of signal measurements, the reliability of age estimates, and various forms of sampling bias. The magnitude of age-errors is especially critical – because small age-errors greatly impact spectral analysis. In sum, a significant percentage of the tests rejected the null hypothesis of randomness. For these cycles, the theory of random fluctuations is no longer credible. An alternative theory must be sought. Now, the EUWS cycles, as described in The Unified Cycle Theory, become the leading candidates for explaining these oscillations.
The complete paper is at:


The NPA conference has a modest registration fee, with attendance open to all. There will be a free public day on Saturday, June 26 with demonstrations and experiments understandable to the general public. BTW: NPA is the foremost organization in the US encouraging alternative approaches to physics and cosmology. This is their 17th national conference.

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