PSI Blog 20210719 The impossibility of infinite density

Another great question from
Abhishek Chakravartty, winner of this week’s book prize:

“On page 262 of UCT[1],
you wrote the following:

‘For every region of the
universe, total-mass always approaches infinity. As a consequence of
interconnection, within a fixed region of the universe, something must exist
between every microcosm found in that region. This interconnection never stops.
Because interconnection continues into infinity, total-mass increases with each
iteration deeper into the hierarchy. Therefore, the calculations never end.
Total-mass becomes ever-larger with the iterations, and it approaches infinity
in the process.’

Then how is it possible for
any person to have a finite mass? I am asking this question because the
physical body of any person also occupies a fixed region of the universe.”

[GB: Good question.
Unfortunately, I didn't agree with Steve on this, but no changing his mind and
he was the first author. One could just as easily say the total mass of the
universe was zero. Mass is the resistance to acceleration. The Infinite
Universe cannot be accelerated because there is nothing outside it to do the
accelerating. By that definition, the universe would have no mass.

Like much of mathematics,
this subject is plagued by the Ninth Assumption of Religion, *absolutism*
(Identities exist, that is, any two things may have identical characteristics).
Absolutists typically are idealists who think perfectly solid matter and
perfectly empty space exist. As astute readers know, these two concepts are the
ideal endmembers of the matter-space continuum. Although they cannot possibly
exist, they are useful for understanding the properties of real things. Similarly,
no portion of the universe can have infinite mass. For instance, the so-called
“black holes” certainly are very dense, but they are not, and cannot be
infinitely dense (even Hawking agreed they were gray, not black). Similarly,
electrons (and possibly aether particles) have a density of 10^{10} g/cm^{3} (Borchardt, 2017),[2]
but they don’t have infinite density.

What absolutists forget is
that the subdivision of portions of the universe always results in what we
think of as two properties: solid matter and empty space. With the Tenth
Assumption of Science, ** interconnection** (All things are
interconnected, that is, between any two objects exist other objects that
transmit matter and motion), we always get both properties. The universe does
not produce only perfectly solid matter or perfectly empty space. Again, whatever
we get is always both “solid matter” and “empty space.”

Now to your question about
your own mass… Remember that we are all
microcosms containing submicrocosms confined within a more or less definite
boundary. All those constituents follow the solid matter-empty space continuum
I described above. Like black holes, electrons, and aether particles, there is
no possibility you or any other portion of the universe could contain only
perfectly solid matter or perfectly empty space.]

[1] Puetz,
S.J., and Borchardt, Glenn, 2011, Universal Cycle Theory: Neomechanics of the
Hierarchically Infinite Universe: Denver, Outskirts Press, 626 p.
[https://go.glennborchardt.com/UCT].

[2] Borchardt,
Glenn, 2017, Infinite Universe Theory: Berkeley, California, Progressive
Science Institute, 337 p. [http://go.glennborchardt.com/IUTebook].