The Ten Assumptions of Science
Just to repeat: I agree with nearly all of your propositions, so these comments are primarily semantic quibbles and stylistic tangents.
"At the end of this line of argument, Aristotle comes to the conclusion that God knows only himself; so he does not know this physical world that we inhabit, he does not have a plan for us, and he is not affected by us."
"Materialism: The external world exists after the observer does not."
Objectivism: The belief that certain things exist independently of human knowledge or perception of them.
1.A supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain something, esp. one based on general principles independent of the thing to be...: "Darwin's theory of evolution"
2.A set of principles on which the practice of an activity is based: "a theory of education"; "music theory".